A new cross border project „Archaeology, authority & community :

cooperation to protect archaeological heritage” 

A new archaeology and heritage protection project started on May 1st in the frameworks of  Estonia-Latvia-Russia cross border cooperation Programme within European Neighborhood and Partnership instrument 2007-2013. The project focuses on the preservation of archaeological heritage in the cross-border region, on developing cross-border cooperation in this field and on raising awareness of people about cultural / archaeological heritage.


The project „Archaeology, authority & community : cooperation to protect archaeological heritage“ joins 9 organizations from 3 countries and is led by the University of Tartu (Estonia): National Heritage Board (Estonia); (Non-Profit Association) Archaeological Centre (Estonia); Institute of Latvian History (Latvia); Ludza Municipality (Latvia); Alūksne Municipality (Latvia); Archaeological Centre of Pskov Region (Russia); Independent non-profit organization “Pskov archaeological Centre” (Russia); Pskov State Historical-Architectural and Art Museum-reserve (Russia).


The project, with the total budget of 1. 714 515 million euros (programme co-financing: 1.520731,16 EUR  (88,7 %), will last until the end of 2014.


The main target groups are specialists in archaeology working at different institutions of the Programme area, the representatives of the public authorities (both local and state level), and the local communities. Many of the project activities are also oriented to the general public.


The partners will organize similar activities in 3 countries. The main activities include archaeological field inventories of border areas of all countries by local and international teams, and rescue excavations of damaged and threatened sites. Attention is paid to the improvement of preservation conditions and conservation of finds, and exhibiting archaeological materials in respective institutions to the public. Important activities are information days and schoolings for municipalities, schools, teachers, students and public, visibility actions and a broad publishing programme for the public. New tourist routes involving archaeological sites will be developed.


During the course of the project a new Information and Resource Centre „Cross-border Archaeological Heritage Protection Network“ will be developed. It will join professional associations with socially active people and will create preconditions for new joint projects


During the 1st month the partners have already had 2 organizational meetings, one in Tartu (Estonia), one in Riga (Latvia), laying the grounds for the cooperation and developing the whole the framework.




Objects or phenomena meeting certain value criteria that are therefore considered worth to be conserved for future generations are considered to be cultural heritage. Cultural heritage is the result and evidence of past traditions and intellectual achievements. A cultural monument is an immovable or movable, a part of it or a collection of objects or an entire group of buildings protected by the state and having historical, archaeological, ethnographic, urban construction related, architectural, artistic, scientific, religious or other cultural value.


What is most important is the historical value of the object, not so much its current artistic or aesthetic aspect. All monuments are unique; an object created according to a typical project or form is also special thanks to its origin and surrounding environment.


Depending on the type of monument, the number of criteria of designation as a monument is different. For example, in the case of a historical monument, the object must meet one of the listed criteria, whereas all eight criteria are normally considered in the case of an artistic monument. If an expertise proves that not much has been preserved of the monument, it has been considerably altered, reconstructed etc., the object might be marked with information on its historical value and not designated as a monument.


The National Heritage Board asks the help of attentive co-citizens in finding stolen cultural monuments. If you have information on any of these monuments, please contact us at info@muinas.ee.

View the list of stolen monuments >>


Find out about historical monuments >>


Find out more about architectural monuments>>


Find out about archaeological monuments >>


Find out more about artistic monuments >>


Find out more about industrial and technical monuments >>


Find out more about underwater heritage >>